Project DEAL

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Project DEAL (Projekt DEAL) is a consortium of university libraries and research institutes, who want a deal with e-journal publishing houses. The goal of this project is to revise nationwide licensing agreements for electronic journals from major academic publishers from the 2017 license year, in order to bring about significant changes in content access and pricing of the e-journals [1]. On realization of this deal, most scientists in Germany would get full online access to 2,500 or so Elsevier journals, at about half the price that individual libraries have paid in the past [2].

Publish and Read Model

Project DEAL proposes a 'Publish and Read' model which would make all articles from eligible institutions open access. It will also allow perpetual access to all e-journals of the publisher. The publisher also agrees fair pricing calculated solely on the basis of article processing fee. The payments to the publisher would be yearly, and payment contracts shall be transparent. All German academic institutions should be allowed to access articles using this deal [3].

Negotiations with Elsevier

Negotiations with Elsevier publishing house to comply with the Publish and Read model started in 2016. Publishing companies such as Springer Nature and Wiley agreed to the deal in principle, but Elsevier opposed the model. Following Elsevier's non-compliance, several German Universities did not renew contracts with Elsevier in January 2017[4].

Savings in subscription funds by German libraries from the not yet successful negotiations of the DEAL project will partly be used to convert 50 scientific journals from ten publishers from a subscription model to Open Access financed by an international consortium over a period of three years, starting in 2019[5].

References

  1. A bold open-access push in Germany could change the future of academic publishing - http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2017/08/bold-open-access-push-germany-could-change-future-academic-publishing
  2. Hundreds of German universities set to lose access to Elsevier journals - https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-017-07817-1
  3. Scholars seek open access in academic journal deal - https://www.wikitribune.com/story/2018/01/08/europe/germany/german-scholars-seek-open-access-in-academic-papers-deal/33444/
  4. Will other countries follow Germany into battle with Elsevier? - https://www.timeshighereducation.com/news/will-other-countries-follow-germany-battle-elsevier
  5. OA2020-DE and Knowledge Unlatched planning large-scale conversion of journals to Open Access - http://knowledgeunlatched.org/2018/10/open-funding-2/